Three-dimensional ultrasound study of carotid arteries before and after endarterectomy; analysis of stenotic lesions and surgical impact on the vessel
BACKGROUND and PURPOSE: It has been proved that symptomatic patients with severe carotid stenosis benefit from endarterectomy. Currently used methods for quantitation of the severity of carotid stenosis have limitations, and the impact of endarterectomy on the operated region of carotid artery remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of a 3-D ultrasound system for quantitation of stenotic lesions and to evaluate changes in regional vessel volume and cross-sectional area after carotid endarterectomy. METHODS: We studied 14 patients with both carotid angiography and 3-D ultrasound. Of 13 patients who underwent surgery, 12 were reexamined with 3-D ultrasound after surgery. The length and volume of 20 randomly selected plaques were measured from 3-D data sets. The severity of stenosis was quantified by 3-D ultrasound using both a diameter method and an area method on cross-sectional views at the most stenotic site; the results were then compared with those from carotid angiography. The segmental vessel volume and average cross-sectional area of the operated artery both before and after endarterectomy were measured from 3-D ultrasound data. RESULTS: Good correlation was obtained between 3-D ultrasound and carotid angiography in quantitative analysis of carotid stenosis (SEE=12.4%, r=0.76, and mean difference=7.0+/-12.3% with the diameter method; SEE=10.5%, r=0.82, and mean difference=1.8+/-10.5% with the area method by 3-D ultrasound). 3-D ultrasound had excellent reproducibility and small intraobserver and interobserver variability in plaque length and volume measurements. No significant changes in segmental vessel volume and average cross-sectional area of the operated artery were observed after surgery in patients with suture closure. However, a significant increase in segmental vessel volume was obtained in patients with polyfluorethylene patches applied to the surgical opening of the artery. CONCLUSIONS: 3-D ultrasound can be used for both qualitative and quantitative analysis of plaques in the carotid artery and to detect and quantify significant carotid stenosis. Its volumetric potential has important clinical implications in serial follow-up studies for observing the progression or regression of stenotic lesions and for evaluating the outcome of interventional procedures such as endarterectomy or stent placement.
|Keywords||*Endarterectomy/methods, Adult, Aged, Bandages, Carotid Arteries/radiography/surgery/*ultrasonography, Carotid Stenosis/radiography/*surgery/*ultrasonography, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Postoperative Period, Treatment Outcome, Ultrasonography/methods|
Yao, J., van Sambeek, M.R.H.M., DallAgata, A., van Dijk, L.C., Kozakova, M., Koudstaal, P.J., & Roelandt, J.R.T.C.. (1998). Three-dimensional ultrasound study of carotid arteries before and after endarterectomy; analysis of stenotic lesions and surgical impact on the vessel. Stroke, 29(10), 2026–2031. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8904