Induction of adrenal scavenger receptor BI and increased high density lipoprotein-cholesteryl ether uptake by in vivo inhibition of hepatic lipase
Hepatic lipase (HL) and scavenger receptor type B class I (SR-BI) have both been implicated in high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesteryl ester uptake in cholesterol-utilizing tissues. Inactivation of HL by gene-directed targeting in mice results in up-regulation of SR-BI expression in adrenal gland (Wang, N., Weng, W., Breslow, J. L., and Tall, A. R. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 21001-21004). The net effect on HDL-cholesteryl ester uptake is not known. We determined the impact of acute in vivo inhibition of rat adrenal HL activity by antibodies on SR-BI expression and on human and rat HDL-[3H]cholesteryl ether (CEth) uptake in the adrenal gland. Rat HDL was isolated from rats in which HL activity had been inhibited for 1 h. The rats were studied under basal conditions (not ACTH-treated) and after previous treatment with ACTH for 6 days (ACTH-treated). Intravenous injection of anti-HL resulted in 70% lowering of adrenal HL activity in both conditions which were maintained for at least 8 h. In not ACTH-treated rats, inhibition of adrenal HL increased adrenal SR-BI mRNA (5.2-fold) and mass (1. 6-fold) within 4 h. HL inhibition resulted in 41% and 14% more adrenal accumulation of human HDL-[3H]CEth during 4 and 24 h, respectively. The adrenal uptake of rat HDL-[3H]CEth increased by 68%, 4 h after the antibody injection. ACTH treatment increased total adrenal HL activity from 3.7 +/- 0.5 milliunits to 34.0 +/- 17. 2 milliunits, as well as adrenal SR-BI mRNA from 2.9 +/- 0.7 arbitrary units (A.U.) to 86.8 +/- 41.1 A.U. and SR-BI mass from 7.7 +/- 1.8 A.U. to 63.16 +/- 46.7 A.U. The human HDL-[3H]CEth uptake by adrenals was also significantly increased from 0.58 +/- 0.11% of injected dose to 7.24 +/- 1.58% of injected dose. Inhibition of adrenal HL activity did not result in further induction of SR-BI expression and did not affect human HDL-[3H]CEth uptake. These findings indicate that SR-BI expression may be influenced by changes in HL activity. HL activity is not needed for the SR-BI-mediated HDL-cholesteryl ester uptake by rat adrenal glands.
|Keywords||*Membrane Proteins, *Receptors, Immunologic, Adrenal Glands/drug effects/*metabolism, Animals, Antigens, CD36/*biosynthesis/*genetics, Biological Transport, Corticotropin/pharmacology, DNA Primers, Ethers/*metabolism, Humans, Kinetics, Lipoprotein Lipase/*antagonists & inhibitors, Lipoproteins, HDL Cholesterol/*metabolism, Male, Mice, Polymerase Chain Reaction, RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis/genetics, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Receptors, Lipoprotein/biosynthesis/genetics, Receptors, Scavenger, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Scavenger Receptors, Class B, Time Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Up-Regulation|
Vieira-van Bruggen, D., Kalkman, I., van Gent, T., van Tol, A., & Jansen, H.. (1998). Induction of adrenal scavenger receptor BI and increased high density lipoprotein-cholesteryl ether uptake by in vivo inhibition of hepatic lipase. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/8936