Correction for erythroid cell contamination in microassay for immunophenotyping of neonatal lymphocytes
Immunophenotyping of blood lymphocyte subpopulations in neonates and young infants is hampered by the limited amount of blood that can be collected. Contamination of the flow cytometric "lympho-gate" by normoblasts and analysed erythrocytes, and therefore the underestimation of the relative frequencies of lymphocyte subpopulations, interferes with the precise calculation of absolute counts. A microassay was developed by adapting the lysed whole blood technique. Triple immunostaining in a single antibody staining step was used to reduce washing steps and cell loss. Introduction of a triple staining for CD71 (expressed by erythroid precursors), glycophorin A (GpA, expressed by all erythroid cells), and CD45 (expressed by all leucocytes) permitted the relative frequencies of normoblasts (CD71(+)/GpA+/CD45(-) population) and unlysed erythrocytes (CD71(-)/GpA+/CD45(-) population)to be identified and measured within the "lympho-gate" of neonatal cord blood samples. Particularly high frequencies were found (median: 31%) in cord blood samples from preterm neonates. These erythroid cells disappear rapidly by 1 week of age The relative frequencies of erythroid cells can be used to calculate correct lymphocyte subpopulation values. Using only 0.5-0.8 ml of blood, this micro- assay would also be suitable for rapid prenatal immunodiagnosis of congenital immunodeficiencies.
|Keywords||Antigens, CD/analysis, Antigens, CD45/analysis, Antigens, Differentiation, B-Lymphocyte/analysis, Autoimmune Diseases/immunology, Erythrocytes/immunology, Erythroid Progenitor Cells/immunology, Fetal Blood/*immunology, Flow Cytometry, Glycophorin/analysis, Humans, Immunophenotyping/*methods, Infant, Newborn/*immunology, Infant, Premature, Diseases/immunology, Infant, Premature/immunology, Lymphocyte Count, Lymphocyte Subsets/*immunology, Receptors, Transferrin, Sensitivity and Specificity, Statistics, Nonparametric|
de Vries, E., de Bruin-Versteeg, S., Comans-Bitter, W.M., de Groot, R., Boerma, G.J.M., Lotgering, F.K., & van Dongen, J.J.M.. (1999). Correction for erythroid cell contamination in microassay for immunophenotyping of neonatal lymphocytes. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition: an international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers covering neonatal and perinatal medicine. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9083