Obesity, the insulin resistance syndrome, and atherosclerosis are closely linked and may all be determinants of an increased acute-phase response. In this study, we examined the relationship of C-reactive protein (CRP) with measures of obesity, variables of the insulin resistance syndrome, and intima-media thickness of the common carotid arteries in 186 healthy, middle-aged women selected from the general population. Associations were assessed by regression analysis. CRP was strongly associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. CRP was also associated with other variables of the insulin resistance syndrome, including blood pressure, insulin, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein A1 (inversely), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen, and tissue-type plasminogen activator antigen. Associations between CRP and the variables of the insulin resistance syndrome disappeared after controlling for BMI but remained significant for plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen only. The association of CRP with common carotid artery intima-media thickness was weak and limited to ever-smokers. BMI explained 29.7% of the variance of CRP, whereas common carotid artery intima-media thickness explained only 3.7%. The results of this population-based study indicate that adiposity is strongly associated with CRP in healthy, middle-aged women. In this population, BMI accounted for the relationship between CRP and other variables of the insulin resistance syndrome. Further studies should determine whether losing weight ameliorates the inflammatory state.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Adult, Arteriosclerosis/*metabolism/physiopathology, Body Height/physiology, Body Mass Index, Body Weight/physiology, C-Reactive Protein/*metabolism, Carotid Artery, Common/pathology, Female, Humans, Insulin Resistance/*physiology, Middle Aged, Obesity/*metabolism, Postmenopause, Premenopause, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Smoking, Tunica Intima/pathology, Tunica Media/pathology
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/9149
Citation
Hak, A.E., Stehouwer, C.D., Bots, M.L., Polderman, K.H., Schalkwijk, C.G., Westendorp, I.C.D., … Hofman, A.. (1999). Associations of C-reactive protein with measures of obesity, insulin resistance, and subclinical atherosclerosis in healthy, middle-aged women. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9149