Novel point mutation in the extracellular domain of the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) receptor in a case of severe congenital neutropenia hyporesponsive to G-CSF treatment
Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is a heterogeneous condition characterized by a drastic reduction in circulating neutrophils and a maturation arrest of myeloid progenitor cells in the bone marrow. Usually this condition can be successfully treated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Here we describe the identification of a novel point mutation in the extracellular domain of the G-CSF receptor (G-CSF-R) in an SCN patient who failed to respond to G-CSF treatment. When this mutant G-CSF-R was expressed in myeloid cells, it was defective in both proliferation and survival signaling. This correlated with diminished activation of the receptor complex as determined by signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) activation, although activation of STAT5 was more affected than STAT3. Interestingly, the mutant receptor showed normal affinity for ligand, but a reduced number of ligand binding sites compared with the wild-type receptor. This suggests that the mutation in the extracellular domain affects ligand-receptor complex formation with severe consequences for intracellular signal transduction. Together these data add to our understanding of the mechanisms of cytokine receptor signaling, emphasize the role of GCSFR mutations in the etiology of SCN, and implicate such mutations in G-CSF hyporesponsiveness.
|Keywords||*Point Mutation, Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism, Cell Division, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Female, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/metabolism/*therapeutic use, Humans, Infant, Ligands, Models, Molecular, Neutropenia/*congenital/*drug therapy, Protein Binding, Receptors, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/*genetics, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Signal Transduction|
Ward, A.C., van Aesch, Y.M., Gits, J., Schelen, A.M., de Koning, J.P., van Leeuwen, D., … Touw, I.P.. (1999). Novel point mutation in the extracellular domain of the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) receptor in a case of severe congenital neutropenia hyporesponsive to G-CSF treatment. The Journal of Experimental Medicine. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9151