Acute effects of etidronate on glucocorticoid-induced bone degradation
OBJECTIVES: To study the acute short-term effects on the biochemical parameters of calcium and bone homeostasis in post-menopausal women treated with a high dose of prednisone alone or with additional etidronate, before and during 5 days of treatment. METHODS: Serum calcium, phosphorus, creatinine, alkaline phosphatase activity, osteocalcin, carboxy-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PICP), cross-linked carboxy-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP), parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D and urinary excretion of calcium over 24 h were measured before and during 5 days of treatment in 14 post-menopausal women treated with a high dose of prednisone (60 mg/day) alone (group A) or combined with cyclical etidronate (group B). RESULTS: Significant differences from baseline were found in osteocalcin and urinary excretion of calcium in both groups and for ICTP in group B. Significant differences between groups were calculated at day 5 of the study for osteocalcin, ICTP and 24 h urine calcium excretion (P < 0.01). Urinary excretion of calcium over 24 h increased in group A (+14.7%; P < 0.05) and decreased in group B (-22.1%; P < 0.01). Osteocalcin levels decreased in group A (- 38.1%) and increased in group B (+27.4%; both P < 0.01). ICTP decreased only in group B (-19.4%; P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The results are consistent with the fact that etidronate is acutely able to prevent bone resorption due to corticosteroids. The increase in osteocalcin in the etidronate-treated group is a new feature. A direct or indirect (PTH, 1,25 vitamin D?) stimulatory effect of etidronate on the osteoblast cannot be excluded.
|Keywords||Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Biological Markers/blood, Calcium/*blood/urine, Drug Therapy, Combination, Etidronic Acid/*therapeutic use, Female, Homeostasis, Humans, Middle aged, Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/blood/chemically induced/*drug therapy, Prednisone/adverse effects/*therapeutic use, Prospective Studies|
Struijs, A., Smals, A., de Witte, S.A., Hackeng, W.H., & Mulder, H.. (2000). Acute effects of etidronate on glucocorticoid-induced bone degradation. Rheumatology (Oxford, England). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9385