Differential loss of chromosome 11q in familial and sporadic parasympathetic paragangliomas detected by comparative genomic hybridization
Parasympathetic paragangliomas (PGLs) represent neuroendocrine tumors arising from chief cells in branchiomeric and intravagal paraganglia, which share several histological features with their sympathetic counterpart sympathoadrenal paragangliomas. In recent years, genetic analyses of the familial form of PGL have attracted considerable interest. However, the majority of paragangliomas occurs sporadically and it remains to be determined whether the pathogenesis of sporadic paraganglioma resembles that of the familial form. Furthermore, data on comparative genetic aberrations are scarce. To provide fundamental cytogenetic data on sporadic and hereditary PGLs, we performed comparative genomic hybridization using directly fluorochrome-conjugated DNA extracted from 12 frozen and 4 paraffin-embedded tumors. The comparative genomic hybridization data were extended by loss of heterozygosity analysis of chromosome 11q. DNA copy number changes were found in 10 (63%) of 16 tumors. The most frequent chromosomal imbalance involved loss of chromosome 11. Six of seven familial tumors and two of nine sporadic tumors showed loss of 11q (86% versus 22%, P = 0.012). Deletions of 11p and 5p were found in two of nine sporadic tumors. We conclude that overall DNA copy number changes are infrequent in PGLs compared to sympathetic paragangliomas and that loss of chromosome 11 may be an important event in their tumorigenesis, particularly in familial paragangliomas.
|Keywords||*Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11, *Ganglia, Parasympathetic, *Loss of Heterozygosity, Adult, Comparative Study, Female, Humans, Male, Middle aged, Nucleic Acid Hybridization, Paraganglioma/*genetics, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
Dannenberg, H., de Krijger, R.R., Zhao, J., Speel, E.J., Saremaslani, P., Dinjens, W.N.M., … Komminoth, P.. (2001). Differential loss of chromosome 11q in familial and sporadic parasympathetic paragangliomas detected by comparative genomic hybridization. American Journal of Pathology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/9649