Early postnatal ataxia and abnormal cerebellar development in mice lacking Xeroderma pigmentosum Group A and Cockayne syndrome Group B DNA repair genes.
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Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) and Cockayne syndrome (CS) are rare autosomal recessive disorders associated with a defect in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway required for the removal of DNA damage induced by UV light and distorting chemical adducts. Although progressive neurological dysfunction is one of the hallmarks of CS and of some groups of XP patients, the causative mechanisms are largely unknown. Here we show that mice lacking both the XPA (XP-group A) and CSB (CS-group B) genes in contrast to the single mutants display severe growth retardation, ataxia, and motor dysfunction during early postnatal development. Their cerebella are hypoplastic and showed impaired foliation and stunted Purkinje cell dendrites. Reduced neurogenesis and increased apoptotic cell death occur in the cerebellar external granular layer. These findings suggest that XPA and CSB have additive roles in the mouse nervous system and support a crucial role for these genes in normal brain development.
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group A Protein
- DNA Repair/*genetics
- Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
- Mice, Knockout
- Xeroderma Pigmentosum/genetics
- Cockayne Syndrome/genetics
- Behavior, Animal
- Cerebellum/*growth & development/pathology
- DNA Helicases/genetics/*physiology
- DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/*physiology