Codon 24 (TAT>TAG) and codon 32 (ATG>AGG) (Hb rotterdam): Two novel α2 gene mutations associated with mild α-Thalassemia found in the same family after newborn screening
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We report two novel α2-globin gene mutations found in the same Surinamese family. The proband, a newborn presenting during neonatal screening with 21.3 Hb Bart's (γ4), proved to be a carrier of the common α3.7 deletion and a novel codon 32 (ATG>AGG) transversion that we named Hb Rotterdam. The father carried the same point mutation with borderline hemoglobin (Hb), MCV and low MCH values. The mother presented with a significant microcytic hypochromic anemia and also carried the α3.7 deletion and a second novel TAT>TAG transversion generating a stop codon at position 24. Shortly thereafter, Hb Rotterdam was again found in two unrelated adult females and in a Canadian newborn, all of African origin, suggesting that Hb Rotterdam could be a frequently occurring αT determinant in the Black population. Screening and characterization of the mutations, phenotypegenotype correlation and the issue of reporting newborn carriers of α-thalassemia (α-thal) are discussed.