scopus: cited 6 times
web of science: cited 6 times
Socioeconomic Status is not Inversely Associated with Overweight in Preschool Children
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Objective: To assess whether socioeconomic inequalities were already present in preschool children. Study design: We used data from 2954 Dutch children participating in a longitudinal birth cohort study. Indicators of socioeconomic status were mother's educational level and household income. Body mass index (BMI)-for-age standard deviation scores were derived from a national reference. Overweight was defined at 24 and 36 months according to age- and sex-specific cut-off points for BMI. Multivariable regression analyses were performed. Results: Relative to children from mothers with the highest educational level, mean BMI standard deviation scores was lower at age 24 months in children from mothers with the low, mid-low, and mid-high educational level, and in the mid-low group at 36 months (P < .001). Prevalence of overweight was lower in children from mothers with the mid-low educational level at age 24 and 36 months (adjusted odds ratio at 24 months: 0.61; 95% confidence interval: 0.43-0.87 and at 36 months: 0.65; 95% confidence interval: 0.44-0.96) but was not significantly different for the other educational levels. There were no significant differences in childhood overweight by income level. Conclusions: The inverse association between socioeconomic status and childhood overweight presumably emerges after age 3 years. Before this age, the gradient may be the reverse.