Initial nutritional management of the preterm infant
Postnatal nutrition has a large impact on long-term outcome of preterm infants. Evidence is accumulating showing even a relationship between nutrient supply in the first week of life and later cognitive development in extremely low birth weight infants. Since enteral nutrition is often not tolerated following birth, parenteral nutrition is necessary. Yet, optimal parenteral intakes of both energy and amino acids are not well established. Subsequently, many preterm infants fail to grow well, with long-term consequences. Early and high dose amino acid administration has been shown to be effective and safe in very low birth weight infants, but the effect of additional lipid administration needs to be defined.