Incomplete Stent Apposition and Delayed Tissue Coverage Are More Frequent in Drug-Eluting Stents Implanted During Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Than in Drug-Eluting Stents Implanted for Stable/Unstable Angina. Insights From Optical Coherence Tomography
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of incomplete stent apposition (ISA) and struts not covered by tissue at long-term follow-up (as assessed by optical coherence tomography [OCT]) in drug-eluting stents (DES) implanted during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) versus DES implanted for unstable and stable angina. Background: Incomplete stent apposition and the absence of strut endothelialization might be linked to stent thrombosis. DES implanted for STEMI might have a higher risk of thrombosis. Methods: Consecutive patients in whom OCT was performed at least 6 months after DES implantation were included in the study. Stent struts were classified on the basis of the presence or absence of ISA and tissue coverage. Results: Forty-seven lesions in 43 patients (1,356 frames, 10,140 struts) were analyzed (49% stable angina, 17% unstable angina, 34% STEMI). Median follow-up time was 9 (range 7 to 72) months. Drug-eluting stents implanted during primary PCI presented ISA more often than DES implanted in stable/unstable angina patients (75% vs. 25.8%, p = 0.001). The frequency of uncovered struts was also higher in the STEMI group (93.8% vs. 67.7%, p = 0.048). On multivariate analysis, DES implantation in STEMI was the only independent predictor of ISA (odds ratio: 9.8, 95% confidence interval: 2.4 to 40.4, p = 0.002) and the presence of uncovered struts at follow-up (odds ratio: 9.5, 95% confidence interval: 1.0 to 90.3, p = 0.049). Conclusions: DES implanted for STEMI had a higher frequency of incompletely apposed struts and uncovered struts as assessed by OCT at follow-up. DES implantation during primary PCI in STEMI was an independent predictor of ISA and the presence of uncovered struts at follow-up.
- drug-eluting stents
- optical coherence tomography
- ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
- stent apposition
- stent coverage