Diagnostic Accuracy of Computed Tomography Angiography in Patients After Bypass Grafting. Comparison With Invasive Coronary Angiography
Objectives: We sought to evaluate the contribution of noninvasive dual-source computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the comprehensive assessment of symptomatic patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Background: Assessment of bypass grafts and distal runoffs by invasive coronary angiography is cumbersome and often requires extra procedure time, contrast load, and radiation exposure. Methods: Dual-source CTA was performed in 52 (41 men, mean age 66.6 ± 13.2 years) symptomatic post-CABG patients scheduled for invasive coronary angiography. No oral or intravenous beta blockers or sedation were administered before the scan. Mean interval between CABG surgery and CTA was 9.6 ± 7.2 (range 0 to 20) years. Mean heart rate during scanning was 64.5 ± 13.2 (range 48 to 92) beats/min. Seventy-five percent of patients had both arterial and venous grafts. A total of 152 graft segments and 142 distal runoffs vessels were analyzed. Native coronary segments were divided into nongrafted (n = 118) and grafted segments (n = 289). A significant stenosis was defined as ≥50% lumen diameter reduction, and quantitative coronary angiography served as reference standard. Results: The diagnostic accuracy of CTA for the detection or exclusion of significant stenosis in arterial and venous grafts on a segment-by-segment analysis was 100%. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value to detect significant stenosis were 95% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 73% to 100%), 100% (95% CI: 96% to 100%), 100% (95% CI: 79% to 100%), 99% (95% CI: 95% to 100%) in distal runoffs respectively; 100% (95% CI: 97% to 100%), 96% (95% CI: 90% to 98%), 97% (95% CI: 93% to 99%), 100% (95% CI: 95% to 100%) in grafted native coronary arteries respectively; and 97% (95% CI: 83% to 100%), 92% (95% CI: 83% to 96%), 83% (95% CI: 67% to 92%), 99% (95% CI: 92% to 100%) in nongrafted native coronary arteries, respectively. Conclusions: Noninvasive CTA is successful for evaluating bypass grafts in symptomatic post-CABG patients, whereas invasive coronary angiography is still required for the assessment of significant stenosis in distal runoffs and native coronary arteries.