scopus: cited 5 times
web of science: cited 5 times
Reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block by sugammadex is independent of renal perfusion in anesthetized cats
Purpose Sugammadex is a selective relaxant binding agent designed to encapsulate the aminosteroidal neuromuscular blocking agent rocuronium, thereby reversing its effect. Both sugammadex and the sugammadex-rocuronium complex are eliminated by the kidneys. This study investigated the effect of sugammadex on recovery of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block in cats with clamped renal pedicles, as a model for acute renal failure. Methods Twelve male cats were divided into two groups and anesthetized with medetomidine, ketamine, and alphachloralose. The cats were intubated and ventilated with a mixture of oxygen and air. Neuromuscular monitoring was performed by single twitch monitoring. Rocuronium 0.5 mg/kg i.v. was administered. After spontaneous recovery from neuromuscular block, both renal pedicles were ligated. A second dose of rocuronium 0.5 mg/kg i.v. was given. One minute after disappearance of the twitches, in Group 1 placebo (0.9% saline) and in Group 2 sugammadex 5.0 mg/kg i.v. was administered. Onset time, duration of neuromuscular block, and time to recovery to 25, 50, 75, and 90% were determined. Results After renal pedicle ligation, sugammadex reversed rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block significantly faster than spontaneous recovery. Mean time (SEM) to 90% recovery of the twitch response was 4.7 (0.25) min (Group 2) versus 31.1 (5.0) min (Group 1) (p<0.0001). No signs of recurrence of neuromuscular block were observed for 90 min after complete twitch restoration. Sugammadex caused no significant cardiovascular effects. Conclusion Sugammadex rapidly and effectively reversed rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block in anesthetized cats, even when both renal pedicles were ligated and renal elimination of the drugs was no longer possible.