Assessment of the serial changes of vessel wall contents in atherosclerotic coronary lesion with bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffolds using Shin's method: an IVUS study
Although serial changes in necrotic core and calcium are regarded as surrogates for the bioresorption process in patients treated with the bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffolds (BVS), these temporal changes have not yet been fully investigated. Shin's method may be offer a more suitable technique for this analysis because it includes all the contents of both the lumen and vessel wall. The purpose of this study was to assess the serial changes of necrotic core and dense calcium content in coronary lesions that were treated with a BVS implant using Virtual Histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) analyzed using Shin's method. A total of 29 patients (92 coronary segments) were imaged to evaluate the serial changes in necrotic core and dense calcium using Shin's method. Lesions treated with a BVS implant were analyzed with serial VH-IVUS assessments, i.e., pre- and post-stenting, and at 6 months and 2 years follow-up. In Shin's method contours are drawn around the IVUS catheter (instead of delineating the lumen) and the vessel. The mean necrotic core area decreased by 6.9% from post-stenting to 6 months (1.71 ± 1.03 mm2vs. 1.36 ± 0.91 mm2, P = 0.027), and by 20.5% (1.71 ± 1.03 mm2vs. 1.20 ± 0.70 mm2, P = 0.003) from post-steting to 2 years; while the mean dense calcium areas decreased by 27.2% (1.07 ± 0.55 mm2vs. 0.78 ± 0.64 mm2, P = 0.039) from post-stenting and 2 years. At 2 years, absolute necrotic core and dense calcium content were significantly decreased as compared to post-stenting values. The present study demonstrates that the bioresorption process in patients who undergoing BVS device implantation can be assessed using VH-IVUS analysed using Shin's method.