Comparison Between Tissue Doppler Imaging and Velocity-Encoded Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Measurement of Myocardial Velocities, Assessment of Left Ventricular Dyssynchrony, and Estimation of Left Ventricular Filling Pressures in Patients With Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
Velocity-encoded magnetic resonance imaging (VE-MRI), commonly used to perform flow measurements, can be applied for myocardial velocity analysis, similar to tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). In this study, a comparison between VE-MRI and TDI was performed for the assessment of left ventricular dyssynchrony and left ventricular filling pressures. Ten healthy volunteers and 22 patients with heart failure secondary to ischemic cardiomyopathy underwent both VE-MRI and TDI. Longitudinal myocardial peak systolic and diastolic velocities and time to peak systolic velocity (Ts) were measured with both techniques at the level of left ventricular septum and lateral wall. To quantify left ventricular dyssynchrony, the delay in Ts between basal septum and lateral wall was calculated (SLD) and patients were categorized into 3 groups: minimal (SLD <30 ms), intermediate (SLD = 30 to 60 ms) and extensive (SLD >60 ms) left ventricular dyssynchrony. The ratio of transmitral E wave velocity and mitral annulus septal early velocity (E/E' ratio) was also assessed, and patients were divided into 3 groups: normal (E/E' <8), probably abnormal (E/E' = 8 to 15), and elevated (E/E' >15) left ventricular filling pressures. Excellent correlations were observed for peak systolic velocity and peak diastolic velocity (r = 0.95, p <0.001) measured with TDI and VE-MRI. A small bias (p <0.001) of -1.1 ± 1.1 cm/s for peak systolic velocity and of -0.45 ± 1.03 cm/s for peak diastolic velocity was noted between the 2 techniques. A strong correlation was also noted between Ts measured with TDI and VE-MRI (r = 0.97, p <0.001) without a significant difference. TDI and VE-MRI showed an excellent agreement for left ventricular dyssynchrony and left ventricular filling pressures classification with a weighted κ of 0.96 and 0.91, respectively. In conclusion, TDI and VE-MRI are highly concordant and can be used interchangeably for the assessment of left ventricular dyssynchrony and filling pressures.