Fibrinogen γ′ in ischemic stroke: A case-control study
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE - To determine the contribution of fibrinogen γ′ levels and FGG haplotypes to ischemic stroke. METHODS - Associations between fibrinogen γ′ levels, fibrinogen γ′/total fibrinogen ratio, and FGG haplotypes with the risk of ischemic stroke were determined in 124 cases and 125 controls. RESULTS - Fibrinogen γ′/total fibrinogen ratio was higher in patients than in controls during the acute phase of the stroke and lower in the convalescent phase 3 months after the stroke. FGG haplotype 3 (H3) was associated with a reduced risk of ischemic stroke (odds ratio 0.60; 95% CI, 0.38 to 0.94), but not with the fibrinogen γ′/total fibrinogen ratio. In contrast, FGG-H2 was associated with a decreased fibrinogen γ′/total fibrinogen ratio, but not with risk of stroke. CONCLUSIONS - Fibrinogen γ′/total fibrinogen ratio is associated with ischemic stroke, especially in the acute phase of the disease. In addition, FGG-H3 haplotype appears to be protective against ischemic stroke.