Analysis of antigenic relationships among influenza virus strains using a taxonomic cluster procedure. Comparison of three kinds of antibody preparations.
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Hemagglutination inhibiting (HI) monoclonal antibody preparations (MA) were raised against six influenza A (H3N2) strains from the period 1977-1982. Twenty-three hybridomas were selected and titrated in HI assays against these strains and against 18 influenza A (H3N2) viruses isolated in The Netherlands during the seasons 1981-1982 and 1982-1983. Similar HI tests were performed with conventional post-infection ferret antisera and with ferret antisera adsorbed with heterologous strains of influenza A (H3N2) virus. The resulting serological data were subjected to a computerized taxonomic cluster procedure based on the Euclidean distance between viruses. With respect to the degree of separation between clusters the unadsorbed ferret antisera were inferior to the adsorbed antisera whereas the MA were superior to both. Our results demonstrate that computer programs based on numerical taxonomy can be helpful in processing large numbers of serological data and that MA are indispensable in epidemiological and diagnostic influenza studies.
- 0 (Antibodies, Monoclonal)
- 0 (Antigens, Viral)
- Antigens, Viral/*analysis
- Influenza A Virus, Human/classification/*immunology
- Antibodies, Monoclonal/diagnostic use
- antibody preparations
- reference strains
- hi tests
- hi assays