scopus: cited 21 times
web of science: cited 20 times
SOM230, a new somatostatin analogue, is highly effective in the therapy of growth hormone/prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas
Purpose: We have previously shown that transgenic mice ubiquitously overexpressing the HMGA2 gene develop growth hormone/prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas. This animal model has been used to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of SOM230, a somatostatin analogue with high affinity for the somatostatin receptor subtypes 1, 2, 3, and 5, on the growth of the pituitary adenomas. Experimental Design: Four groups of 3- and 9-month-old HMGA2 transgenic mice were treated for 3 months with a continuous s.c. injection of two different dosages of SOM230 (5 or 50 μg/kg/h), one dose of octreotide, corresponding to that used in human therapy, and a placebo, respectively. The development of the tumor before and after therapy was monitored by magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary region and evaluation of the serum prolactin levels. Results: The highest dose of SOM230 induced a drastic regression of the tumor, whereas octreotide was not able to induce any significant tumor regression, although tumor progression was significantly slowed down. No significant differences were observed between the animals treated with the lowest dose of SOM230 and those receiving placebo. Conclusions: These results clearly support the efficacy of the SOM230 treatment in human pituitary adenomas secreting prolactin based on the dramatic tumor shrinkage and fall in prolactin levels. This beneficial effect could be of crucial clinical usefulness in patients bearing tumors resistant to dopaminergic drugs.