Distemper outbreak and its effect on African wild dog conservation.
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In December 2000, an infectious disease spread through a captive breeding group of African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in Tanzania, killing 49 of 52 animals within 2 months. The causative agent was identified as Canine distemper virus (CDV) by means of histologic examination, virus isolation, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis, and nucleotide sequencing. This report emphasizes the importance of adequate protection against infectious diseases for the successful outcome of captive breeding programs of endangered species.
- Distemper Virus, Canine/*isolation & purification
- *Animals, Wild/virology
- Distemper/*mortality/*prevention & control
- Government Programs
- Viral Vaccines/administration & dosage/*therapeutic use
- *Disease Outbreaks/prevention & control
- distemper virus
- lycaon pictus
- erasmus university rotterdam
- phylogenetic analysis
- phocine distemper virus