Incidence, predictors, and management of acute coronary occlusion after coronary angioplasty
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Acute coronary occlusion occurs in 4.3% to 8.3% of patients during coronary angioplasty. Its occurrence is difficult to predict in an individual patient. At high risk are patients with unstable angina, intracoronary thrombus, extreme age, long complex lesions, and diffuse disease. "Standard" management including redilation (prolonged perfusion) thrombolytic treatment and emergency bypass surgery is only successful in approximately 50% of the patients and is associated with a high mortality and myocardial infarction rate of < 6% and 30%, respectively. Bail-out stent implantation appears to emerge as an effective alternative in suitable patients and might reduce mortality, the apparent progression to myocardial infarction, or might decrease the need for emergency bypass. New techniques including directional atherectomy, rotational ablation, or the excimer laser are associated with a similar frequency of acute occlusion. Immediate access to a surgical back-up facility remains necessary to treat refractory acute occlusions.
- Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary/*adverse effects
- Coronary Disease/*etiology/therapy
- percutaneous transluminal
- bail-out stent implantation