Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), also known as Mullerian inhibiting substance, is a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily of growth and differentiation factors. In contrast to other members of the family, which exert a broad range of functions in multiple tissues, the principal function of AMH is to induce regression of the Mullerian ducts during male sex differentiation. However, the patterns of expression of AMH and its type II receptor in the postnatal ovary indicate that AMH may play an important role in ovarian folliculogenesis. This review describes several in vivo and in vitro studies showing that AMH participates in two critical selection points of follicle development: it inhibits the recruitment of primordial follicles into the pool of growing follicles and also decreases the responsiveness of growing follicles to FSH.

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Keywords *Glycoproteins, Animals, Biological Markers/blood, Depression, Chemical, Female, Follicle Stimulating Hormone/pharmacology, Gene Expression, Granulosa Cell Tumor/diagnosis, Granulosa Cells/metabolism, Growth Inhibitors/pharmacology/*physiology, Humans, Male, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Mullerian Ducts/*embryology, Ovarian Follicle/drug effects/physiology, Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis, Ovary/*physiology, Rats, Receptors, Peptide/metabolism, Signal Transduction/*physiology, Testicular Hormones/pharmacology/*physiology, Tumor Markers, Biological/blood
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Journal Reproduction
Durlinger, A.L.L, Visser, J.A, & Themmen, A.P.N. (2002). Regulation of ovarian function: the role of anti-Mullerian hormone. Reproduction. Retrieved from