A better understanding of the reconstitution of the B-cell compartment during and after treatment in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP-ALL) will help to assess the immunological status and needs of post-treatment BCP-ALL patients. Using 8-colour flow cytometry and proliferation-assays, we studied the composition and proliferation of both the B-cell precursor (BCP) population in the bone marrow (BM) and mature B-cell population in peripheral blood (PB) during and after BCP-ALL therapy. We found a normal BCP differentiation pattern and a delayed formation of classical CD38dim-naive mature B-cells, natural effector B-cells and memory B-cells in patients after chemotherapy. This B-cell differentiation/maturation pattern was strikingly similar to that during initial B-cell development in healthy infants. Tissue-resident plasma cells appeared to be partly protected from chemotherapy. Also, we found that the fast recovery of naive mature B-cell numbers after chemotherapy was the result of increased de novo BCP generation, rather than enhanced B-cell proliferation in BM or PB. These results indicate that post-treatment BCP-ALL patients will eventually re-establish a B-cell compartment with a composition and B-cell receptor repertoire similar to that in healthy children. Additionally, the formation of a new memory B-cell compartment suggests that revaccination might be beneficial after BCP-ALL therapy.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Acute leukaemia, B-cell precursors, B-cells, Chemotherapy, Reconstitution
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.14685, hdl.handle.net/1765/100213
Journal British Journal of Haematology
Theunissen, P.M.J, van den Branden, A. (Anouk), van der Sluijs-Gelling, A.J, de Haas, V, Beishuizen, A, van Dongen, J.J.M, & van der Velden, V.H.J. (2017). Understanding the reconstitution of the B-cell compartment in bone marrow and blood after treatment for B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. British Journal of Haematology, 178(2), 267–278. doi:10.1111/bjh.14685