The objective of this study was to determine the quantitative intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and angiographic changes that occur during 1 year follow-up after renal artery stent placement, given that restenosis continues to be a limitation of renal artery stent placement. 38 consecutive patients with symptomatic renal artery stenosis treated with Palmaz stent placement were studied prospectively. IVUS and angiography were performed at the time of stent placement and at 1 year follow-up. At follow-up, angiographic restenosis was seen in 14% of patients. The lumen area in the stent, seen with IVUS, was significantly decreased from 24+/-5.6 mm(2) to 17+/-5.6 mm(2) (p<0.001) solely due to plaque accumulation. The distal main renal artery showed a significant decrease in lumen area owing to a significant vessel area decrease from 39+/-14.0 mm(2) to 29+/-9.3 mm(2) (p<0.001) without plaque accumulation. Angiographic analysis confirmed this reduction in luminal diameter and showed that the distal renal artery diameter at follow-up was significantly smaller than before stent placement (86+/-23.0% vs 104+/-23.9% of the contralateral renal artery diameter; p=0.003). Besides plaque accumulation in the stent, unexplained shrinkage of the distal main renal artery was evidenced with IVUS and angiography 1 year following stent placement.

*Stents, *Ultrasonography, Interventional, Aged, Arteriosclerosis/*therapy/ultrasonography, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Middle aged, Prospective Studies, Recurrence, Renal Artery Obstruction/radiography/*therapy/ultrasonography, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
hdl.handle.net/1765/10027
British Journal of Radiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Leertouwer, T.C, Gussenhoven, E.J, Deinum, J, van Dijk, L.C, & Pattynama, P.M.T. (2002). Shrinkage of the distal renal artery 1 year after stent placement as evidenced with serial intravascular ultrasound. British Journal of Radiology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/10027