Neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia are among the more complex patients to support with mechanical ventilation. They have particular features that add to the difficulties already present in the neonatal patient. A ventilation strategy tailored to the patient's underlying physiology rather than mode of ventilation is a crucial issue for clinicians treating these delicate patients.

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Keywords Conventional mechanical ventilation, High-frequency oscillatory ventilation, Pulmonary hypertension, Pulmonary hypoplasia, Ventilator-associated lung injury
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Journal Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Morini, F, Capolupo, I, van Weteringen, W. (Willem), & Reiss, I.K.M. (2017). Ventilation modalities in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Seminars in Pediatric Surgery, 26(3), 159–165. doi:10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2017.04.003