Urethane is a widely used anesthetic in animal lower urinary tract research. Our objective was to investigate the quality of anesthesia and the correlation between bladder (voiding) contractions, micturition pressure, bladder capacity and urethane dosage and body weight. Urethane was given subcutaneously and/or intraperitoneally (1.0–1.2 g/kg). The bladder was filled with saline and the bladder pressure was recorded continuously. Animals in which the subcutaneous/intraperitoneal ratio was higher needed less urethane. Heavier animals needed less extra urethane. In animals, in which no bladder contractions could be evoked, the total amount of urethane given was similar to that in those that did show contractions. In the animals that did void, the bladder never emptied completely and residual volumes remained. There was no relationship between animal weight or total amount of urethane and mean capacity. Anesthesia lasted up till 14 h, during which bladder (voiding) contractions could be recorded. Considering all results, we conclude that urethane is a well suited anesthetic for acute lower urinary tract physiological research in the intact rat.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Anesthesia, Rat, Urethane, Urinary bladder
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1177/0023677216657850, hdl.handle.net/1765/100311
Journal Laboratory Animals: the international journal of laboratory animal science and welfare
Rights No subscription
van Asselt, E, Choudhary, M.S, Clavica, F, & van Mastrigt, R. (2017). Urethane anesthesia in acute lower urinary tract studies in the male rat. Laboratory Animals: the international journal of laboratory animal science and welfare, 51(3), 256–263. doi:10.1177/0023677216657850