PURPOSE: To determine the most cost-effective strategy for preoperative imaging performed in potential living renal donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a decision-analytic model, the societal cost-effectiveness of digital subtraction angiography (DSA), gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) angiography, contrast material-enhanced spiral computed tomographic (CT) angiography, and combinations of these imaging techniques was evaluated. Outcome measures included lifetime cost, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios. A base-case analysis was performed with a 40-year-old female donor and a 40-year-old female recipient. RESULTS: For the donor, MR angiography (24.05 QALYs and 9,000 dollars) dominated all strategies except for MR angiography with CT angiography, which had an incremental ratio of 245,000 dollars per QALY. For the recipient, DSA and DSA with MR angiography yielded similar results (10.46 QALYs and 179,000 dollars) and dominated all other strategies. When results for donor and recipient were combined, DSA dominated all other strategies (34.51 QALYs and 188,000 dollars). If DSA was associated with a 99% specificity or less for detection of renal disease, MR angiography with CT angiography was superior (34.47 QALYs and 190,000 dollars). CONCLUSION: For preoperative imaging in a potential renal donor, DSA is the most cost-effective strategy if it has a specificity greater than 99% for detection of renal disease; otherwise, MR angiography with CT angiography is the most cost-effective strategy.

*Tissue Donors, Angiography, Digital Subtraction/economics, Comparative Study, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Decision Making, Humans, Kidney Transplantation/economics, Kidney/*radiography, Magnetic Resonance Angiography/economics, Models, Theoretical, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tomography, X-Ray Computed/economics
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Liem, Y.S, Kock, M.C.J.M, Weimar, W, Visser, K, Hunink, M.G.M, & IJzermans, J.N.M. (2003). Living renal donors: optimizing the imaging strategy--decision- and cost-effectiveness analysis. Radiology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/10042