Purpose: The aim of this article is to map and understand work-family state support for the selfemployed compared to employees across European countries.
Design: To map state work-family support policies for the self-employed, an overview of public childcare, maternity, paternity, and parental leave arrangements across European countries is created based on databases, local government websites and local experts’ country notes. Secondary data analyses are conducted in order to compare support for the self-employed to support for employees and across countries. Differences across countries are analysed from a welfare state regime perspective, which explicates assumptions about the role of the government in providing work-family state support and which is often used in research on work-family support for employees.
Value: Work-family state support for the growing number of self-employed has never been mapped before, although this is a very topical issue for (European) policy makers. This article offers a starting point to contextualise and understand the way self-employed experience the work-family interface in different country contexts.
Findings: Results show that, in general, the self-employed receive less work-family state support than employees or none at all. The extensiveness of work-family state support varies widely across European countries. Patterns of welfare states regimes, which explain variation in work-family support for employees, can also be found in the context of self-employment.
Practical implications: Findings result in practical suggestions for policy makers at the European and national level to monitor policy compliance considering maternity leave for the self-employed, to increase childcare support and to rethink the European Entrepreneurship 2020 Action Plan.

Additional Metadata
Sponsor This study has been funded by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO 14010002.006).
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1108/JEPP-01-2014-0006, hdl.handle.net/1765/100785
Journal Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy
Citation
Annink, S.M, den Dulk, L, & Steijn, A.J. (2014). Work-family state support for the self-employed across Europe. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, 4(2), 187–208. doi:10.1108/JEPP-01-2014-0006