The paper explores the trade competitiveness of seven major shrimp exporting countries, namely Vietnam, China, Thailand, Ecuador, India, Indonesia and Mexico, to the USA. Specifically, we investigate whether the United States (US) antidumping petitions impact upon the bilateral revealed comparative advantage (RCA) indexes for each of the seven shrimp exporting countries with the USA. Monthly data from January 2003 to December 2014 and the panel data model are used to examine the determinants of the RCA for the shrimp exporting countries. The empirical results show the shrimp exporting countries have superior competitiveness against the shrimp market in the USA. Moreover, the RCA indexes are significantly negatively influenced by shrimp prices, and are positively affected by US income per capita. However, the EMS (Early Mortality Syndrome) shrimp disease, domestic US shrimp quantity, exchange rate, and US antidumping laws are found to have no significant impacts on the RCA indexes. In terms of policy implications, the USA should try to reduce production costs of shrimp in the US market instead of imposing antidumping petitions, and the shrimp exporting countries should maintain their comparative advantage and diversify into new markets.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Shrimp, antidumping, revealed comparative advantage, panel data model
JEL Models with Panel Data (jel C23), Commercial Policy; Protection; Promotion; Trade Negotiations; International Organizations (jel F13), International Trade, Finance, Investment, and Aid (jel P45), Agriculture in International Trade (jel Q17)
Sponsor For financial support, the first author wishes to thank theMinistry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, and the second author is grateful to the Australian Research Council and Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Persistent URL hdl.handle.net/1765/100854
Series Econometric Institute Research Papers
Citation
Chang, C-L, McAleer, M.J, & Nguyen, D.K. (2016). US Antidumping Petitions and Revealed Comparative Advantage of Shrimp Exporting Countries (No. EI2016-47). Econometric Institute Research Papers. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/100854