Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an emerging imaging technique that is increasingly used to diagnose liver lesions. It is of the utmost importance to differentiate between the two most common solid focal liver lesions (i.e., hepatocellular adenoma [HCA] and focal nodular hyperplasia [FNH]), because their management and follow-up differ greatly. The main objective of this study was to determine how frequently the specific CEUS features of HCA and FNH are visible on CEUS and to define their predictive value for discrimination between HCA and FNH. We included 324 CEUS examinations performed on patients with FNH (n 5 181) or HCA (n 5 143). Patients with HCA and FNH significantly differed with respect to age and CEUS features of steatosis, echogenicity, homogeneity, the presence of a central scar, central artery, arterial enhancement pattern, necrosis or thrombus and enhancement in the late venous phase.

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Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology

Taimr, P., Bröker, M., Dwarkasing, R., Hansen, B., de Knegt, R., de Man, R., & IJzermans, J. (2017). A Model-Based Prediction of the Probability of Hepatocellular Adenoma and Focal Nodular Hyperplasia Based on Characteristics on Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2017.05.011