Clinical Outcomes With a Repositionable Self-Expanding Transcatheter Aortic Valve Prosthesis
The International FORWARD Study
BACKGROUND Clinical outcomes in large patient populations from real-world clinical practice with a next-generation
self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve are lacking.
OBJECTIVES This study sought to document the clinical and device performance outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with a next-generation, self-expanding transcatheter heart valve (THV) system in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) in routine clinical practice.
METHODS The FORWARD (CoreValve Evolut R FORWARD) study is a prospective, single-arm, multinational, multicenter, observational study. An independent clinical events committee adjudicated safety endpoints based on Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. An independent echocardiographic core laboratory evaluated all echocardiograms. From January 2016 to December 2016, TAVR with the next-generation self-expanding THV was attempted in 1,038 patients with symptomatic, severe AS at 53 centers on 4 continents.
RESULTS Mean age was 81.8 ± 6.2 years, 64.9% were women, the mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality was 5.5 ± 4.5%, and 33.9% of patients were deemed frail. The repositioning feature of the THV was applied in 25.8% of patients. A single valve was implanted in the proper anatomic location in 98.9% of patients. The mean aortic valve gradient was 8.5 ± 5.6 mm Hg, and moderate or severe aortic regurgitation was 1.9% at discharge. All-cause mortality was 1.9%, and disabling stroke occurred in 1.8% at 30 days. The expected-to-observed early surgical mortality ratio was 0.35. A pacemaker was implanted in 17.5% of patients.
CONCLUSIONS TAVR using the next-generation THV is clinically safe and effective for treating older patients with severe AS at increased operative risk.
|Keywords||aortic stenosis, degenerative valve, transcatheter aortic valve replacement|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2017.06.045, hdl.handle.net/1765/101055|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Cardiology|
|Note||for the FORWARD Study Investigators (CoreValve Evolut R FORWARD Study [FORWARD]; NCT02592369)|
Grube, E, van Mieghem, N.M, Bleiziffer, S, Modine, T, Bosmans, J, Manoharan, G, … Windecker, S.W. (2017). Clinical Outcomes With a Repositionable Self-Expanding Transcatheter Aortic Valve Prosthesis. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 70(7), 845–853. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2017.06.045