The assessment of a patient with chronic hip pain can be challenging. The differential diagnosis of intra-articular pathology causing hip pain can be diverse. These includes conditions such as osteoarthritis, fracture, and avascular necrosis, synovitis, loose bodies, labral tears, articular pathology and, femoro-acetabular impingement. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) arthrography of the hip has been widely used now for diagnosis of articular pathology of the hip. A retrospective analysis of 113 patients who had MRI arthrogram and who underwent hip arthroscopy was included in the study. The MRI arthrogram was performed using gadolinium injection and reported by a single radiologist. The findings were then compared to that found on arthroscopy. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), accuracy and 95% confidence interval were calculated for each pathology. Labral tear—sensitivity 84% (74.3–90.5), specificity 64% (40.7–82.8), PPV 91% (82.1–95.8), NPV 48% (29.5–67.5), accuracy 80%. Delamination—sensitivity 7% (0.8–22.1), specificity 98% (91.6–99.7), PPV 50% (6.8–93.2), NPV 74% (65.1–82.2) and accuracy 39%. Chondral changes—sensitivity 25% (13.3–38.9), specificity 83% (71.3–91.1), PPV 52% (30.6–73.2), NPV 59% (48.0–69.2) and accuracy 58%. Femoro-acetabular impingement (CAM deformity)—sensitivity 34% (19.6–51.4), specificity 83% (72.2–90.4), PPV 50% (29.9–70.1), NPV 71% (60.6–80.5) and accuracy 66%. Synovitis—sensitivity 11% (2.3–28.2), specificity 99% (93.6–100), PPV 75% (19.4–99.4), NPV 77% (68.1–84.6) and accuracy 77%. Our study conclusions are MRI arthrogram is a useful investigation tool in detecting labral tears, it is also helpful in the diagnosis of femoro-acetabular impingement. However, when it comes to the diagnosis of chondral changes, defects and cartilage delamination, the sensitivity and accuracy are low.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Accuracy, Articular pathology, MRI arthrogram, Validity
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00590-017-2022-9, hdl.handle.net/1765/101065
Journal European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology
Citation
Rajeev, A. (Aysha), Tuinebreijer, W.E, Mohamed, A. (Abdalla), & Newby, M. (Mike). (2017). The validity and accuracy of MRI arthrogram in the assessment of painful articular disorders of the hip. European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, 1–7. doi:10.1007/s00590-017-2022-9