Lean body mass, consisting mostly of skeletal muscle, is important for healthy aging. We performed a genome-wide association study for whole body and appendicular lean body mass measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry or bioelectrical impedance analysis, adjusted for sex, age, height, and fat mass. Twenty-one single-nucleotide polymorphisms were significantly associated with lean body mass either genome wide or suggestively genome wide. Replication in 63,475 individuals from 33 cohorts for whole body lean body mass and in 45,090 subjects from 25 cohorts for appendicular lean body mass was successful for five single-nucleotide polymorphisms in/near HSD17B11, VCAN, ADAMTSL3, IRS1, and FTO for total lean body mass and for three single-nucleotide polymorphisms in/near VCAN, ADAMTSL3, and IRS1 for appendicular lean body mass. Our findings provide new insight into the genetics of lean body mass.

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Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00031-7, hdl.handle.net/1765/101169
Journal Nature Communications
Note A full list of authors and their affliations appears at the end of the paper
Zillikens, M.C, Stolk, L, Broer, L, Amin, N, Campos Obanda, N, Enneman, A.W, … Kiel, D.P. (2017). Large meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies five loci for lean body mass. Nature Communications, 8(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00031-7