Recent advances in next-generation sequencing techniques have greatly improved our understanding of the genomic alterations in bladder cancer. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy provides a viable treatment option in the neoadjuvant, adjuvant and metastatic setting in a selected group of patients, but chemoresistance is a major problem. The underlying mechanisms of treatment resistance are poorly understood and elucidating these pathways will subsequently lead to improved patient selection, less unnecessary drug-related toxicity, improved patient outcome and decreased healthcare costs. This review provides an overview of mechanisms of chemoresistance and describes the current knowledge on how the genomic landscape influences therapy outcome in muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients.

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Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Zuiverloon, T., & Theodorescu, D. (Dan). (2017). Pharmacogenomic considerations in the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Pharmacogenomics (Vol. 18, pp. 1167–1178). doi:10.2217/pgs-2017-0055