Aims: Immediately after stent/scaffold implantation, quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) in comparison to optical coherence tomography (OCT) more severely underestimates the lumen diameter (LD) in Absorb than in XIENCE. This OCT-QCA discrepancy has not been evaluated at long-term follow-up. The present study aimed to assess the accuracy of QCA with reference to OCT in Absorb as compared to XIENCE. Methods and results: We assessed two-year QCA and OCT in the ABSORB Japan randomised trial (Absorb n=87, XIENCE n=44). The accuracy of QCA parameters was assessed with reference to OCT measurements. OCT-QCA luminal dimensions were compared in matched cross-sections at both edges of the scaffolds (n=127) and stents (n=78). OCT-QCA late lumen loss (LLL) was also assessed using the Bland-Altman method. The systematic error of LD on QCA in Absorb was -0.092 mm (relative difference -3.3%) with a random error of 0.473 mm, whereas in XIENCE the systematic error was -0.018 mm (-0.5%) with a random error of 0.477 mm. These OCT-QCA discrepancies did not differ between Absorb and XIENCE (p=0.275) at two-year follow-up. QCA tended to underestimate LLL more in Absorb than in XIENCE (QCA-LLL minus OCT-LLL: -0.180±0.308 mm vs. -0.058±0.322 mm, p=0.058) at two-year follow-up, although this comparison was not statistically powered. Conclusions: The two-year dimensional measurements on QCA had minor and insignificant systematic errors between both devices. A discrepancy between QCA-LLL and OCT-LLL would raise a question as to whether this parameter is appropriate for the comparative assessment of device performance.

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Keywords Bioresorbable scaffolds, Drug-eluting stent, Optical coherence tomography, Quantitative coronary angiography
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Journal EuroIntervention
Sotomi, Y, Onuma, Y, Miyazaki, Y, Asano, T, Katagiri, Y, Tenekecioglu, E, … Reiber, J.H.H.C. (Johan Hans H.C.). (2017). Is quantitative coronary angiography reliable in assessing the late lumen loss of the everolimus-eluting bioresorbable polylactide scaffold in comparison with the cobalt-chromium metallic stent?. EuroIntervention, 13(5), e585–e594. doi:10.4244/EIJ-D-17-00070