Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in thyroid hormone metabolism may affect thyroid hormone bioactivity. We investigated the occurrence and possible effects of SNPs in the deiodinases (D1-D3), the TSH receptor (TSHR), and the T(3) receptor beta (TR beta) genes. SNPs were identified in public databases or by sequencing of genomic DNA from 15 randomly selected subjects (30 alleles). Genotypes for the identified SNPs were determined in 156 healthy blood donors and related to plasma T(4), free T(4), T(3), rT(3), and TSH levels. Eight SNPs of interest were identified, four of which had not yet been published. Three are located in the 3'-untranslated region: D1a-C/T (allele frequencies, C = 66%, T = 34%), D1b-A/G (A = 89.7%, G = 10.3%), and D3-T/G (T = 85.5%, G = 14.2%). Four are missense SNPs: D2-A/G (Thr92Ala, Thr = 61.2%, Ala = 38.8%), TSHRa-G/C (Asp36His, Asp = 99.4%, His = 0.6%), TSHRb-C/A (Pro52Thr, Pro = 94.2%, Thr = 5.8%), and TSHRc-C/G (Asp727Glu, Asp = 90.7%, Glu = 9.3%). One is a silent SNP: TR beta-T/C (T = 96.8%, C = 3.2%). D1a-T was associated in a dose-dependent manner with a higher plasma rT(3) [CC, 0.29 +/- 0.01; CT, 0.32 +/- 0.01; and TT, 0.34 +/- 0.02 nmol/liter (mean +/- SE); P = 0.017], a higher plasma rT(3)/T(4) (P = 0.01), and a lower T(3)/rT(3) (P = 0.003) ratio. The D1b-G allele was associated with lower plasma rT(3)/T(4) (P = 0.024) and with higher T(3)/rT(3) (P = 0.08) ratios. TSHRc-G was associated with a lower plasma TSH (CC, 1.38 +/- 0.07, vs. GC, 1.06 +/- 0.14 mU/liter; P = 0.04), and with lower plasma TSH/free T(4) (P = 0.06), TSH/T(3) (P = 0.06), and TSH/T(4) (P = 0.08) ratios. No associations with TSH and iodothyronine levels were found for the other SNPs. We have analyzed eight SNPs in five thyroid hormone pathway genes and found significant associations of three SNPs in two genes (D1, TSHR) with plasma TSH or iodothyronine levels in a normal population.

*Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Adult, Alanine, Amino Acid Substitution, Female, Humans, Male, Middle aged, Reference Values, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Threonine, Thyroid Hormones/*genetics, Thyrotropin/*blood, Thyroxine/genetics, Triiodothyronine/*blood
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Peeters, R.P, van Toor, H, Klootwijk, W, de Rijke, Y.B, Uitterlinden, A.G, Visser, T.J, & Kuiper, G.G.J.M. (2003). Polymorphisms in thyroid hormone pathway genes are associated with plasma TSH and iodothyronine levels in healthy subjects. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Retrieved from

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