Purpose: Bronchial and gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are slow-growing tumors, which frequently express somatostatin receptors on their cell membranes. These receptors are targets for therapy with Lutetium-177–labeled somatostatin analogues. We have treated over 1,200 patients with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with [177Lu-DOTA0, Tyr3]octreotate (177Lu-DOTATATE) since the year 2000 and present the results on efficacy, survival, and toxicity of this therapy. Experimental Design: For safety analysis, 610 patients treated with a cumulative dose of at least 100 mCi (3.7 GBq) 177Lu-DOTATATE were included. A subgroup of 443 Dutch patients who were treated with a cumulative dose of at least 600 mCi (22.2 GBq) 177Lu-DOTATATE before 2013 was further analyzed for efficacy and survival. Results: The objective response rate of the total group of patients was 39%. Stable disease was reached in 43% of patients. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for all NET patients were 29 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 26–33 months] and 63 months (95% CI, 55–72 months). Long-term toxicity included acute leukemia in four patients (0.7%) and myelodysplastic syndrome in nine patients (1.5%). No therapy-related long-term renal or hepatic failure occurred. Conclusions: PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE is a favorable therapeutic option in patients with metastatic bronchial and gastroenteropancreatic NETs that express somatostatin receptors. PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE is safe with few side-effects and shows good response rates with PFS of 29 months and OS of 63 months.

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Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-16-2743, hdl.handle.net/1765/101556
Journal Clinical Cancer Research
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Brabander, T, van der Zwan, W.A, Teunissen, J.J.M, Kam, B.L, Feelders, R.A, de Herder, W.W, … Kwekkeboom, D.J. (2017). Long-term efficacy, survival, and safety of [177Lu-DOTA0,Tyr3]octreotate in patients with gastroenteropancreatic and bronchial neuroendocrine tumors. Clinical Cancer Research, 23(16), 4617–4624. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-16-2743