Anonymity between living donors and recipients is a topic of discussion among transplant professionals. This longitudinal study explored living kidney donors' and patients' perspectives on anonymity. Prior to surgery (T0) and 3 months afterward (T1), participants in unspecified or specified indirect donation programs completed a questionnaire on their experiences with and attitudes toward anonymity as well as demographic and medical characteristics. Nonparametric tests were used to assess group differences and associations. Participants were content with anonymity at T0 and T1. Fourteen and 23% wanted to meet at T0 and T1, respectively. If the other party expressed the wish to meet, 50% (T0) and 55% (T1) would be willing to meet. Most participants agreed that meeting should be allowed if both parties agree. Attitude toward anonymity did not differ between donors/recipients, nor between T0/T1 and unspecified/specified indirect donation programs. This study showed that most donors and recipients who participated in anonymous donation schemes are in favor of a conditional approach to anonymity. Guidelines on how to revoke anonymity if both parties agree are needed and should include education about pros and cons of (non-) anonymity and a logistical plan on how, when, where, and by whom anonymity should be revoked.

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Keywords Kidney transplantation, Medical ethics, Organ donation, Paired kidney exchange, Unrelated donors
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Journal Transplant International
Pronk, M.C. (Mathilde C.), Slaats, D. (Dorthe), van der Pant, K.A, Vervelde, J. (Janneke), Dooper, I.M, Dor, F.J.M.F, … Massey, E.K. (2017). Toward a conditional approach to anonymity? An explorative multicenter longitudinal study among anonymous living kidney donors and recipients. Transplant International. doi:10.1111/tri.13016