Background: Delirium in critically ill children is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder which has gained increased attention from clinicians. Early identification of delirium is essential for successful management. The Sophia Observation withdrawal Symptoms-Paediatric Delirium (SOS-PD) scale was developed to detect Paediatric Delirium (PD) at an early stage. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the measurement properties of the PD component of the SOS-PD scale in critically ill children. Methods: A prospective, observational study was performed in patients aged 3 months or older and admitted for more than 48. h. These patients were assessed with the SOS-PD scale three times a day. If the SOS-PD total score was 4 or higher in two consecutive observations, the child psychiatrist was consulted to assess the diagnosis of PD using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV criteria as the "gold standard". The child psychiatrist was blinded to outcomes of the SOS-PD. The interrater reliability of the SOS-PD between the care-giving nurse and a researcher was calculated with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: A total of 2088 assessments were performed in 146 children (median age 49 months; IQR 13-140). The ICC of 16 paired nurse-researcher observations was 0.90 (95% CI 0.70-0.96). We compared 63 diagnoses of the child psychiatrist versus SOS-PD assessments in 14 patients, in 13 of whom the diagnosis of PD was confirmed. The sensitivity was 96.8% (95% CI 80.4-99.5%) and the specificity was 92.0% (95% CI 59.7-98.9%). Conclusions: The SOS-PD scale shows promising validity for early screening of PD. Further evidence should be obtained from an international multicentre study.

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Australian Critical Care
Department of Pediatrics

Ista, E., te Beest, H., van Rosmalen, J., de Hoog, M., Tibboel, D., van Beusekom, B., & van Dijk, M. (2017). Sophia Observation withdrawal Symptoms-Paediatric Delirium scale: A tool for early screening of delirium in the PICU. Australian Critical Care. doi:10.1016/j.aucc.2017.07.006