Empirical studies of ambiguity aversion often use measures that are not grounded in theory. This paper shows how a theoretically-founded measure of ambiguity aversion can be derived from Hansen and Sargent’s theory of multiplier preferences. Multiplier preferences are used in macroeconomics to capture model uncertainty. At the micro level, they have not been applied yet, because they do not permit ambiguity seeking, which is usually observed for a substantial proportion of subjects. We give a preference foundation for (extended) multiplier preferences accommodating both ambiguity aversion and ambiguity seeking and we propose a simple method to measure them using matching probabilities. We illustrate our method in two large representative samples (Dutch and American) and obtain the first micro estimates of multiplier preferences.

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doi.org/10.1007/s11166-017-9260-4, hdl.handle.net/1765/101656
ERIM Top-Core Articles
Journal of Risk and Uncertainty
Erasmus School of Economics

Baillon, A., Bleichrodt, H., Huang, Z. (Zhenxing), & Potter van Loon, R. (Rogier). (2017). Measuring ambiguity attitude: (Extended) multiplier preferences for the American and the Dutch population. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 1–13. doi:10.1007/s11166-017-9260-4