We investigated the effects of seeing the instructor's (i.e., the model's) face in video modeling examples on students' attention and their learning outcomes. Research with university students suggested that the model's face attracts students' attention away from what the model is doing, but this did not hamper learning. We aimed to investigate whether we would replicate this finding in adolescents (prevocational education) and to establish how adolescents with autism spectrum disorder, who have been found to look less at faces generally, would process video examples in which the model's face is visible. Results showed that typically developing adolescents who did see the model's face paid significantly less attention to the task area than typically developing adolescents who did not see the model's face. Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder paid less attention to the model's face and more to the task demonstration area than typically developing adolescents who saw the model's face. These differences in viewing behavior, however, did not affect learning outcomes. This study provides further evidence that seeing the model's face in video examples affects students' attention but not their learning outcomes.

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doi.org/10.1111/jcal.12211, hdl.handle.net/1765/101823
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning

van Wermeskerken, M., Grimmius, B. (Bianca), & van Gog, T. (2017). Attention to the model's face when learning from video modeling examples in adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. doi:10.1111/jcal.12211