Water authorities search for new collaborations with non-governmental actors, with the aim of facilitating societal initiatives. A comparative case study was conducted to analyze the value dilemmas faced by water authorities when they choose to facilitate and how they cope with these dilemmas. The study found that the most prevalent dilemma is between traditional democratic values and efficiency-related values. In the chosen solutions, the latter seem to prevail over the former. Casuistry, cycling and hybridization are common coping mechanisms. The study shows the potential of non-governmental initiatives in the water sector while also reflecting critically on dominant administrative values.

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Keywords administrative values, Government facilitation, non-governmental initiatives, participation, public–private collaboration, water governance
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1080/07900627.2017.1374930, hdl.handle.net/1765/102180
Journal International Journal of Water Resources Development
Grotenbreg, S. (Sanne), & Altamirano, M. (Mónica). (2017). Government facilitation of external initiatives: how Dutch water authorities cope with value dilemmas. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 1–26. doi:10.1080/07900627.2017.1374930