The aim of this article is the study of Lisbon from the time its legal boundaries were enlarged in 1903, until the creation of the Lisbon Metropolitan area in August 1991. The making of urban population is the subject of the second part of this text. In this part we emphasise the regional origins of the majority of the Lisbon population. Only in the 1970-ties the immigration of sub-Sahara Africans became of some significance. The transport networks and the lack of control of the urban expansion in a context of poor public investment are the subject of the third part.

Lisbon, immigration, metropolis, transport
European Science Foundation
The European Metropolis 1920-2000
Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication (ESHCC)

Pinheiro, M.A. (2003). Lisbon: From the Nineteenth Century Capital City to the Metropolis. In The European Metropolis 1920-2000. Retrieved from