The trigeminovascular system plays a key role in the pathophysiology of migraine. The activation of the trigeminovascular system causes release of various neurotransmitters and neuropeptides, including serotonin and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), which modulate pain transmission and vascular tone. Thirty years after discovery of agonists for serotonin 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors (triptans) and less than fifteen after the proof of concept of the gepant class of CGRP receptor antagonists, we are still a long way from understanding their precise site and mode of action in migraine. The effect on cranial vasculature is relevant, because all specific anti-migraine drugs and migraine pharmacological triggers may act in perivascular space. This review reports the effects of triptans and CGRP blocking molecules on cranial vasculature in humans, focusing on their specific relevance to migraine treatment.

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Keywords Anti-CGRP (receptor) monoclonal antibodies – mAbs, Calcitonin gene related peptide – CGRP, Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), Middle cerebral arteries, Middle meningeal artery, Migraine models, Triptans
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Journal Journal of Headache and Pain
Benemei, S. (Silvia), Cortese, F. (Francesca), Labastida-Ramírez, A. (Alejandro), Marchese, F. (Francesca), Pellesi, L. (Lanfranco), Romoli, M. (Michele), … Ashina, M. (Messoud). (2017). Triptans and CGRP blockade – impact on the cranial vasculature. Journal of Headache and Pain (Vol. 18). doi:10.1186/s10194-017-0811-5