This article reviews findings of scientific studies looking into the bias that gay men and lesbians face when accessing the labor market. Studies in this topic were scarce before year 2000, but a considerable body of literature appeared in the Western countries in the recent years. When summed up, the findings provide robust evidence that lesbians and gay men face negative bias when accessing employment. The magnitude of the bias varies considerably across contexts. Different labor market outcomes of gay men and lesbians are also partially caused by differences in household specialization between different-sex and same-sex households. Future research needs to address the contextual differences in bias against gay men and lesbians.

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Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services

Fric, K. (Karel). (2017). Access to the labour market for gays and lesbians: Research review. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 1–43. doi:10.1080/10538720.2017.1365671