Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of pre-diabetes (pre-DM) on coronary plaque characteristics and ischemic outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS).
Background: Pre-DM (i.e., the early stages of glucometabolic disturbance) is common among patients with ACS, but the extent to which pre-DM influences coronary plaque characteristics and the risk for adverse ischemic events is unclear.
Methods: In the PROSPECT (Providing Regional Observations to Study Predictors of Events in Coronary Tree) study, patients with ACS underwent quantitative coronary angiography, grayscale intravascular ultrasound, and radiofrequency intravascular ultrasound after successful percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to their glucometabolic status, as defined by the American Diabetes Association: normal glucose metabolism (NGM), pre-DM, and diabetes mellitus (DM). These groups were compared with regard to coronary plaque characteristics and the risk for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) (defined as cardiac death or arrest, myocardial infarction, or rehospitalization for unstable or progressive angina).
Results: Among 547 patients, 162 had NGM, 202 had pre-DM, and 183 had DM. There were no significant differences between the groups with regard to intravascular ultrasound findings indicative of vulnerable plaques. Patients with DM had a higher crude rate of MACEs than those with pre-DM or NGM. In an adjusted Cox regression model using NGM as the reference group, DM but not pre-DM was associated with increased risk for MACEs.
Conclusions: Impaired glucose metabolism is common among patients presenting with ACS. DM but not pre-DM is associated with an increased risk for MACEs. Thus, preventing patients from progressing from pre-DM to DM is important. (PROSPECT: An Imaging Study in Patients With Unstable Atherosclerotic Lesions; NCT00180466).

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doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2017.06.023, hdl.handle.net/1765/102503
JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Farhan, S. (Serdar), Redfors, B. (Björn), Maehara, A., McAndrew, T., Ben-Yehuda, O. (Ori), de Bruyne, B., … Stone, G. (2017). Impact of Pre-Diabetes on Coronary Plaque Composition and Clinical Outcome in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes. JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging. doi:10.1016/j.jcmg.2017.06.023