Survival of children with single ventricle heart defects after the total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) has improved, but impaired cardiac function remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) is the gold standard in assessing single ventricle volume and function, but high costs and limited availability hamper its routine use. A cheaper and more available alternative is echocardiography. Myocardial function can be studied in more detail using speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). The purpose of the study was to describe the association between myocardial deformation assessed by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and single ventricle function assessed by cMRI and to evaluate differences in myocardial deformation in children with single left and single right ventricular morphology. Cross-sectional, multicenter study in 77 children after TCPC was conducted. STE segmental and global longitudinal peak strain and systolic strain rate (SR) of the dominant ventricle were measured. Impaired SV function by cMRI was defined as ejection fraction (EF) < 45%. Mean age was 11.8 (range 9.7–14.3) years. Pearson R for cMRI EF versus global longitudinal strain and SR was − 0.25 (p = 0.06) and − 0.03 (p = 0.82), respectively. Global single ventricle longitudinal strain and SR was similar in patients after TCPC with single left and single right ventricular morphology (− 19.0 ± 3.1% vs 19.2 ± 3.2%, p = 0.94). STE myocardial deformation parameters do not correlate with single ventricle ejection fraction assessed by cMRI.

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Pediatric Cardiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Koopman, L., Geerdink, L., Bossers, S., Duppen, N., Kuipers, I., ten Harkel, A., … Kapusta, L. (2017). Longitudinal Myocardial Deformation Does Not Predict Single Ventricle Ejection Fraction Assessed by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Children with a Total Cavopulmonary Connection. Pediatric Cardiology, 1–11. doi:10.1007/s00246-017-1753-z