A steady increase in the incidence of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) with a seasonal preponderance, almost exclusively related to Campylobacter jejuni, and a rise in the incidence of laboratory-confirmed Campylobacter enteritis have been reported from Curacao, Netherlands Antilles. We therefore investigated possible risk factors associated with diarrhea due to epidemic C. jejuni. Typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis identified four epidemic clones which accounted for almost 60% of the infections. One hundred six cases were included in a case-control study. Infections with epidemic clones were more frequently observed in specific districts in Willemstad, the capital of Curacao. One of these clones caused infections during the rainy season only and was associated with the presence of a deep well around the house. Two out of three GBS-related C. jejuni isolates belonged to an epidemic clone. The observations presented point toward water as a possible source of Campylobacter infections.

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Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Endtz, H., de Haan, L., van Koningsveld, R., Halabi, Y., van den Braak, N., Kesztyus, B. I., … Godschalk, P. (2003). Risk factors associated with Campylobacter jejuni infections in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/10271