Background
To validate the findings of a single-center pilot study showing elevated urinary N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) concentrations in preterm infants subsequently developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a multicenter setting across eight European and Middle East countries.MethodsProspective observational study in 967 preterm infants <30 weeks' gestational age assessing the capacity of urinary NTproBNP on days of life (DOLs) 14 and 28 to predict ROP requiring treatment.ResultsUrinary NTproBNP concentrations were markedly elevated in infants who developed ROP requiring treatment (n=94) compared with survivors without ROP treatment (n=837), at both time points (median (interquartile range) DOL14: 8,950 (1,925-23,783) vs. 3,083 (1,193-17,393) vs. 816 (290-3,078) pg/ml, P<0.001) and DOL28 (2,203 (611-4,063) vs. 1,671 (254-11,340) vs. 408 (162-1,126) pg/ml, P<0.001). C-statistic of NTproBNP for treated ROP or death was 0.731 (95% confidence interval 0.654-0.774) for DOL14 and 0.683 (0.622-0.745) for DOL28 (P<0.001). Threshold scores were calculated, potentially enabling around 20% of infants with low NTproBNP scores never to be screened with ophthalmoscopy.ConclusionThere is a strong association between early urinary NTproBNP and subsequent ROP development, which can be used to further refine subgroups of patients with high or low risk of severe ROP.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1038/pr.2017.179, hdl.handle.net/1765/102929
Journal Pediatric Research: international journal of human developmental biology
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Citation
Bührer, C, Erdeve, O, van Kaam, A.H, Berger, A, Lechner, E. (Evelyn), Bar-Oz, B. (Benjamin), … Berrington, J. (Janet). (2017). N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide urinary concentrations and retinopathy of prematurity. Pediatric Research: international journal of human developmental biology, 82(6), 958–963. doi:10.1038/pr.2017.179