Although avian paramyxovirus type 1 is known to cause mild transient conjunctivitis in human beings, there are two recent reports of fatal respiratory disease in immunocompromised human patients infected with the pigeon lineage of the virus (PPMV-1). In order to evaluate the potential of PPMV-1 to cause respiratory tract disease, we inoculated a PPMV-1 isolate (hPPMV-1/Netherlands/579/2003) from an immunocompromised human patient into three healthy cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) and examined them by clinical, virological, and pathological assays. In all three macaques, PPMV-1 replication was restricted to the respiratory tract and caused pulmonary consolidation affecting up to 30% of the lung surface. Both alveolar and bronchiolar epithelial cells expressed viral antigen, which co-localized with areas of diffuse alveolar damage. The results of this study demonstrate that PPMV-1 is a primary respiratory pathogen in cynomolgus macaques, and support the conclusion that PPMV-1 may cause fatal respiratory disease in immunocompromised human patients.,
Veterinary Research
Department of Virology

Kuiken, T., Buijs, P., van Run, P., van Amerongen, G., Koopmans, M., D.V.M., & van den Hoogen, B. (2017). Pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 from a fatal human case induces pneumonia in experimentally infected cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis). Veterinary Research, 48(1). doi:10.1186/s13567-017-0486-6